April 18, 2024

The difference between formal and informal Assessment

The difference between formal and informal Assessment

Assessments are a crucial element of any educational task. They aid teachers in evaluating their students. Assessment is divided into two types; the first is formal assessment, while the other is informal assessment. This is the distinction between informal and formal assessments. For more information, refer to Study Crumb.

Formal Assessment vs. Informal Assessment

The significant distinction between informal and formal assessments is that it’s the best way to determine what a student has learned during instruction, which includes exams, screening tests, and exams. The informal assessments determine the skill and performance of students evaluated by teachers.

Formal assessment is the method to evaluate the student’s performance objectively. It lets teachers know what the student has learned during instruction. This type of test is announced after the subject is finished. Then the questions are posed in this kind of test.

 What is a Formal Assessment?

A formal assessment is a procedure utilized to determine the understanding levels of students by giving them a score for an objective test. It’s the best method for determining what the student learned in class or during instruction. Quizzes and tests are among the most popular types of formal assessments.

Formal assessments are utilized by teachers who want to understand the criteria for knowing that their pupils meet. The standard methods for grading tests allow teachers to understand their pupils’ academic performance. Since they are assessed formally, students pay greater attention to their lectures and follow them attentively.

Formal assessments help students get better marks when they perform well in class. With formal assessments, students can move on to the next stage of learning. There are many reasons to use formal assessments, including:

  • It aids the teacher in identifying the gaps in learning between students and lets them know what topics need to be clarified more.
  • The formal assessment helps teachers to identify what strengths as well as weaknesses of the students in comparison to other students.
  • They also get to know the wealth of knowledge students acquire from this subject.

What is an informal assessment?

Informal assessments can assess students’ performance in any presentation or class activity. They aid in determining the student’s progress without grade-setting criteria. The most practical examples of informal tests are presentations delivered by students in class or on any other occasion.

Assignments based on projects and presentations are two examples of informal assessment. This helps boost students’ self-confidence of students everywhere. Assessments, tests, quizzes, and writing exercises are all examples of assessments that are not formal. When a test is informal, teachers don’t assign grades to their students but examine the students’ performance during the test.

The informal assessment aims to evaluate the learners’ progress and pinpoint the obstacles and difficulties they might confront. A few of the reasons for informal assessment are :

  • Informal assessment is a method to assess the skills of students.
  • The presentations and projects are presented to students to be used for informal evaluation.
  • There is no set of criteria for the informal assessment to judge students’ performance through the presentation.

 Principal Differences Between Formal and informal assessments

  1. Assessments in the form of formal tests are used to evaluate the level of performance of students conducting tests on the previous subject. In contrast, informal estimates are based on the proficiency of the presenter within the class.
  2. Tests and quizzes are conducted during the formal assessment, whereas the presentation and assignment are conducted during informal assessments.
  3. Formal assessments always use established criteria for evaluating performance; informal assessments do not have specific measures to assess performance.
  4. Formal assessments are utilized to determine the level of knowledge that students have gained from classes. On the other hand, informal assessments are used to determine learners’ proficiency levels.
  5. Formal assessments always have standard tests, whereas informal assessments depend on observations.


Assessments that are formal and informal are crucial to the learning process. If we want to determine students’ academic performance, we employ formal assessments. If you wish to find out about the student’s progress and skills assessment, informal tests are utilized.

Both tests are utilized to assess assessments of the assessment of the academic as well as functional performances of students. Both have advantages; however, when combined, they can provide lots of student data that allows teachers to understand more about their students. Both formal and informal assessments can also boost the motivation of students who want to improve their performance.

Sneha Shukla

I am an admin at shayarikidiary. I like to share information and knowledge. I love expressing my thoughts through my articles. Writing is my passion. I love to write about travel, tech, health, fashion, food, education, etc. In my free time, I like to read and research. My readings and research help me to share the information through my thoughts.

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