According to the World Health Organization (WHO), diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas is no longer able to produce insulin or when the body is unable to effectively use the insulin it produces.
This can lead to high blood sugar levels, which can cause a wide range of serious health complications if left untreated. Today, diabetes affects an estimated 463 million people worldwide, and this number is projected to rise to 700 million by 2045.
There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. Type 1 diabetes is typically diagnosed in childhood or adolescence and is not caused by lifestyle factors.
Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, is a metabolic disorder that is caused by a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include obesity, physical inactivity, an unhealthy diet, and a family history of the disease.
The symptoms of diabetes can vary depending on the type of diabetes and how advanced the disease is. Some common symptoms of diabetes include:
Diabetes can lead to a wide range of serious health complications if left untreated. Some of the most common complications of diabetes include:
Diabetes is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke. People with diabetes are also at an increased risk of developing high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure. People with diabetes are also at an increased risk of developing kidney stones.
High blood sugar levels can damage the nerves in the feet and hands, leading to numbness, tingling, and pain.
Diabetes can damage the blood vessels in the eyes, leading to vision loss and blindness.
Diabetes can damage the blood vessels in the feet, leading to poor circulation and a higher risk of foot ulcers, infections, and amputations.
Preventing and Managing Diabetes
Preventing and managing diabetes is critical to reducing the risk of serious health complications. Some steps you can take to prevent or manage diabetes include:
Maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Eating a diet that is high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains and low in saturated and trans fats can help reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Getting regular exercise can help maintain a healthy weight, lower blood sugar levels, and improve overall health.
Monitoring blood sugar levels can help you know when to take insulin or oral medications, and when to adjust your diet and exercise routine.
Taking medications as prescribed
If you have diabetes, it is essential to take your medications as prescribed by your healthcare professional.
Regular checkups with a healthcare professional can help you monitor your diabetes and detect any complications early.
Glucose: The Fuel Your Body Needs
Glucose is a simple sugar that is the primary source of energy for the cells in your body. It is also known as blood sugar, as it is the sugar found in the bloodstream.
The pancreas produces insulin, a hormone that helps the body’s cells absorb glucose from the bloodstream. In people with diabetes, either the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, resulting in high blood sugar levels.
Maintaining healthy glucose levels is essential for people with diabetes. High blood sugar levels can lead to a wide range of serious health complications, including heart disease, kidney disease, nerve damage, and eye damage. Low blood sugar levels, on the other hand, can cause symptoms such as weakness, dizziness, and confusion. Normal range for random blood sugar is between 70 and 100 mg/dL for fasting.
Managing glucose levels involves a combination of lifestyle changes and medications. Some steps you can take to manage glucose levels include:
Diabetes is a growing global epidemic that affects millions of people worldwide. It is a chronic disease that can lead to a wide range of serious health complications if left untreated. Managing glucose levels is essential for people with diabetes, as it can help prevent serious health complications and improve overall health.